What is acupuncture?

“Auco” a Latin word meaning puncture. This is a way of treatment in which hairs like thin needles are prick to cure certain diseases. This is an ancient Chinese art of healing, now it recommended by WHO and this science is used world wide.

Points on the body surface discovered by the ancient physicians which, on puncturing, heating or applying pressure cure or relieve the disease. Modern research has shown that there is a lowered electrical resistance at the majority of traditional points and perhaps even biological differences, such as increased oxygen consumption.

There are many different styles of acupuncture. Regardless of the style practiced, the first visit should help your doctor understand your reasons for seeking acupuncture treatment and assess the underlying imbalances leading to your symptoms.

He begins with an interview which includes both your medical and personal history and ends with a tongue examination and consultation. Depending on your Doctor’s advice, you may or may not receive a treatment at the time of your first visit. The length and frequency of visits will depend on your doctor. The treatments will generally not involve more than 20 needles, and may also include other related techniques e.g. moxibustion.

First of all, the needles used to stimulate acupuncture points have no resemblance to conventional syringe needles used for giving injections. Acupuncture needles are very slender, about the thickness of two human hairs. We use only pre-sterilized, disposable needles which are used once and then discarded.

Most insertions are just beneath the skin’s surface. The sensations vary from person to person. Usually a dull, momentary ache or tingling is felt.

Acupuncture is interventional method of treatment, in which mostly needles are inserted inside the body, but Acupressure is non interventional way of treatment in which only pressure is applied on acu points. In China, Acupressure is home remedy system of treatment. It is mostly used for preventive aspect by the patients themselves while acupuncture is done only by qualified doctors for the treatment of disease.

The Chinese term for the energy which pervades the entire Universe. As applied to the human organism, it refers mainly to the energy circulating in the Channels (Jing Qi). Disease therefore is due to the inadequate circulation or lack of Qi, or its imbalance within the organism. The body carries a certain amount of Qi at birth; it is depleted by the daily activities of living; it is augmented by the intake of food and air. The absence of Qi is death.

Meridians are the pathways through which vital energy (Qi) flows in the body. There are 14 main Channels of which 12 are paired (bilateral) and 2 are unpaired (midline). Vital energy (Qi) flows in these Channels in an orderly cyclic sequence.

The art of moving the needle after insertion in order to cause further stimulation at the acupuncture points. Three chief methods used (I) rotation (ii) lifting and thrusting ; (iii) a combination of rotation and lifting and thrusting. The art of manipulation is best learnt under the guidance of a trained acupuncturist. The same effects may be obtained electrically. This is known as electro-stimulation of a point.

A method of Chinese medicine where disease is treated by directly or indirectly heating the acupuncture points by burning “moxa” made from the dried leaves of the plant artemesia vulgaris. “Mogusa” (pronounced “moxa”) is the Japanese name of this plant which means “burning herb”.

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